It is difficult to talk about intelligence without referring to human beings.
All species possess intelligence, but I believe Humans are more intelligent than the others. We discovered fire and invented the wheel. We evolved more than any other species. We tamed animals and learned how to control their behavior.
Intelligence doesn't have a direct connection with control, but no one can deny the indirect impact of one on the other, can they?
What is intelligence?
Natural activities like breathing, eating, defecation, sleeping, and reproducing don’t have to be taught and are part of basic survival instincts that all species possess. Apart from these natural activities, other activities typically have to be learned (from training or experience). It can therefore be inferred that Intelligence is trainable and transferable.
During childhood, how do children identify different humans, animals, fruits, clothes, and toys? How do they perform daily activities? The pattern of identification and what to do are taught to them. Of course, they don’t do exactly what is being taught, they improvise it. This adaptation or improvisation may be termed as intuition.
If you have watched the movie The Matrix, do you remember the scene, “I know KungFu”?
Intelligence is a framework around data, Information and knowledg
It is affected by the below factors:
The human important senses are sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. Data is collected from these senses, and our brain processes and applies patterns that are stored and provide instructions for actions. The patterns that are stored are not only logical but also emotional. The processing and actions are effectively based on IQ + EQ.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
AI is Intelligence that can be abstracted as a software program that is purely logical in nature. It is based only on IQ.
Every software program has Artificial Intelligence built-in. Although the program intelligence is static, the logic is dynamic.
Comparison to Human senses
Sensors are built with IoT(Electronics + electrical + mechanical) devices to collect data and software programs parse the collected data to take appropriate actions.
Computer Vision techniques are primarily used to mimic visual processing. Image processing and matching the imaging are part of this. They are equivalent to sight. For example: A Phone Camera.
Natural Language Processing is used to mimic the Voice(or noise) command and they are Voice to Text converters and vice-versa. They are equivalent to sound. For example: Siri, Alexa.
Haptics help detect touch and motion. AR/VR is a growing space. They are equivalent to Touch. For example: A Touch screen mobile. Olfactory systems are still under research. They are not as mature as other sensors. They are equivalent to smell.
Apart from the above, there are many other techniques, primarily the implementation of Statistical/Mathematical modeling which help make appropriate decisions to take action. They are equivalent to the Brain.
AI vs HI. Which is better?
AI will always have a higher IQ than human IQ for repeatable or known scenarios. No human can come close to the amount or volume of data that new programs can deal with, not even the world-renowned Human-Computer herself (Shakuntala Devi).
AI is a collection of intelligence contributed and created by many humans.
For Decision Making or for Prediction based on the past results (repeatability) or for optimization, AI will no doubt be a better choice. However, wherever the situation is new or for black-swan events like the corona pandemic humans have better chances to win over AI.
A scene from "I, Robot" best describes this. The Robot saves an adult with a 45% survival chance over a baby with an 11% survival chance as it is the best logical choice.
Although AI is very superior to the average to human IQ, it lacks EQ and intuition.
There is a lot of work going on to convert the EQ to IQ. Every leading B2C Internet-based company like Google, Amazon, Facebook, Netflix, which shows the “you may like this” tab is trying to implement this.
What is the future?
Technology has already changed a lot in the last two to three decades. Movies like Terminator and "I, Robot" could become a reality in the coming decades.
Technology is a mindless thing. The user, creator decides if they want to make it constructive or destructive.
And eventually, the AI might control the humans who have created it.
The majority of our current work in AI is limited to problem-solving. It is called Weak AI or Narrow AI. It simulates human cognition and benefits mankind by automating time-consuming tasks and by analyzing data in ways that humans sometimes can’t.
The next level is Strong AI or Artificial General Intelligence ( AGI ) which expects the machine to be just as smart as a human being. This is still a few decades away.
Cognitive science, in my opinion, is the next level of technology. According to Wikipedia, it is the interdisciplinary study of cognition in humans, animals, and machines. It encompasses the traditional disciplines of psychology, computer science, neuroscience, anthropology, linguistics, and philosophy.
The goal of cognitive science is to understand the principles of intelligence with the hope that this will lead to a better comprehension of the mind and of learning and will aid in the development of intelligent devices.
Impact on Jobs
Any technology creates some jobs and eliminates others. With AI growing every day, a lot of operational jobs are at stake. Many jobs that are there at present may be eliminated in the next few decades.
Developed nations like the USA and developing nations like India are both already struggling with unemployment. This blooming technology will definitely make it worse by increasing complications like income disparity.
Jobs that require skills related to EQ and intuition will continue to be there.
What are your thoughts?